Project Management,Phases and Steps

The PMI (Project Management Institute) suggests that the following knowledge areas comprise Project Manager:
•Project Integration
•Scope Management
•Time Management
•Cost Management
•Quality Management
•Human Resource Management
•Communication Management
•Risk Management
•Procurement Management

Innovator PM Phases and Steps

To Initiate the Project:
1.Select the Project
2.Define the result
3.Select the Project Manager
4.Select target start and finish dates
5.Document the purpose of the project in Project Charter.

Planning the Project:
1.Define the scope
2.Break scope down into intermediate results
3.List the activities, the work to achieve results
4.List the resources to do the work
5.Take account of risks
6.List work to be done
7.Decide the order of activities
8.Determine the duration of activities
9.Estimate the amount of work for activities
10.Assign who will do the activities
11.From all of the above, create, review and communicate the project plan.

Activity workflow


To Execute the Project:
1.Assignees: complete and add deliverables, complete activities
•To Control the Project:
1.Review Project and Activity status, make changes as required
•To Close the Project
1.Close or Cancel the Project.


•There are three types of scheduling available for any given project:
–Forward: is based on the target start date, the precedence of the activities, and the duration of the activities.
–Backward: is based on the target finish date of the whole project, the precedence and the duration of the tasks.
–Milestone: is based on the target finish date of each phase of the project, which is represented by a specific type of milestone, as well as the precedence of activities within each phase, and the duration of the activities within each phase.

Critical Path Method

1.Specify the individual activities
2.Determine the sequence od those activities
3.Draw a network diagram
4.Estimate the completion time for each activity
5.Identify the critical path (longest path through the network)
6.Update the CPM diagram as the project progresses

Precedence types and lead time

•Finish to Start means B cannot start before A has finished. This is the most common precedence type and is the default value, if no precedence type is specified then Finish to Start will be assumed. In the Predecessors column in the Project Pan only the row number # will be shown without a suffix
•Start to Start means B cannot start before A has started, shown as #SS in the Predecessorscolumn
•Finish to Finish means B cannot finish before A has finished, shown as #FF in the Predecessorcolumn
•Start to Finish means B cannot Finish before A has started, shown as #SF in the Predecessor column

A-D: DFinishto start
•A-B: Start to start
•D-E: Finishto finish
•F-D-E: F Start to finish

Business Calendars

•Business Calendars are used by Program Management scheduling methods for schedulingcalculations
•They may be edited by members of the Administrators Identity
•They indicate which days are not normal workdays
•All Users and Projects in the same database share the same calendars
•By default Saturday and Sunday or not normal workdays but they can optionally be selected as workdays for calendar years
•Other holidays can be set as non-workdays as required
•Years for which there is no Business Calendar will be treated the same as the default, Saturday and Sunday will not be work days all other days are.


•Project templates allow the company to facilitate project creation more easily and smoothly.
•Templates help to standardize processes, as well as provide a reusable structure for similar projects.
•Templates can also include best practices and lessons learned from past history.
•Templates do not include any kind of scheduling or status information.


–An activity has a list of tasks associated with it, a time period or duration during which these tasks are to be completed, and a list of deliverables to be submitted.
–A milestone is an activity, except with zero duration.


–This tab is used to list the specific tasks that may be required by the activity. These may be specified by the template, or by Project Manager, or both.

Prject Management softwares


Wrike was ranked as the best project management tool for 2017, for Small Business, large companies,Medium Business and entrepreneurship, Wrike offers five flexible enterprise pricing plans, the ratio price/ performance is very good, also, Wrike offers a useful project management guide that contains :

  • Project management methodologies
  • Team preparation
  • Project collaboration tips
  • Project management books
  • Project tools

Wrike is the winner of 2017 best project management software!

A free trial is available , it’s very useful for students who want to learn about pratical management tools like Gantt method, as they can try the free trial.

Try Wrike: fast, easy, and efficient project collaboration software

•Project Management Book Of Knwoledge(PMBOK)
•Project Management Institute
•Capability Maturity Model Integration (CMMi)

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