A guide to understand Industry 4.0

In the context of internet of things, cyber-physical, Digital mock-up, virtual reality , automation and so on, industry 4.0 has emerged as a concept to design the transformation that khows the factories using those technology in term of  automation and data exchange . Industry 4.0 concept has created what is called smart factory.

Slight History

Here’s an example of techniques evolution that have transformed the industry through years:

  1. 1784: First mechanical loom was invented, Trough the introduction of mechanical, production facilities with the help of water and steam power.
  2. 1870 / First conveyor: Trough the introduction of a division of mass labor and mass production with the help of electrical energy
  3. 1969: First programmable logic controller, Trough the use of electronic and IT systems that promote automate production
  4. Today: Trough the use of cyber-physical systems
The four evolutions

In the meantime data exchange magament has been developped.

1970: factories ( such as aerospace and automotive factories) used 2D drawing for design and engineering.

Starting from the year of 2000 : PLM, Business Process and realistic simulation has transformed the way engineering and manufacturing used to work.

Data exchange evolution

Factory IT architecture

In a factory using industry 4.0 techniques, Manufacturing includes manufacturing activities and exchange data management.

Manufacturing activities includes Business processes management and support and training.

  • Business processes management include:
    • •Manufacturing Engineering
      •CNC and Robotic Programming
      •Measurement and Control
      •Process Optimization
  • support and training include
    • •Support for all manufacturing business
      •mDMU and Jigs & Tools
      •Qualify programs

Exchange data management includes PLM  and Manufacturing Operation Management

  • PLM: Project Life cycle Management for engineering and PLM for manufacturing
    • That includes the following:
      • CAM: Computer assistance manufacturing
        •Routings: Elementary parts and Assembly
        •Jigs and tools
  • Manufacturing Operation Management includes the following:
    • •MES: manufacturing execution system
      •SCADA : Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
      •APS: Advanced Planning & Scheduling
      •Quality Management

The factory architechture looks like this:

Factory Of industry 4.0 architecture

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